Monday, August 18, 2014

Interstellar Stardust and Its Absence

An international team of 23 scientists, has created maps (using data from 500,000 stars over a ten year period) of space materials located between the stars of the Milky Way. This material includes atoms and molecules left behind when a star dies, as well as building blocks for new stars and planets. The results published in the Aug. 15, 2014 issue of the journal Science may help astronomers solve a stardust puzzle that was first seen in 1922 in a graduate student's photographs of distant stars.

The research team focused on a strange feature in the light from stars; diffuse interstellar bands or "DIBs" (i.e., dark lines in the grad student's photographs). These visual and near-infrared spectra absorption lines seemed to show missing starlight as if something in the interstellar medium between Earth and the star was sucking up (not a technical term) the light. In fact, scientists have spotted more than 400 interstellar bands, but why the bands appear and their exact location are a mystery. 

Rosemary Wyse, a Johns Hopkins professor of physics and astronomy who played a major role in the research reports, "But we still don't know why stars form where they do. This study is giving us new clues about the interstellar medium out of which the stars form."

Finding the cause will allow researchers to better understand the physical conditions and chemistry of the space between stars and more on how stars and galaxies form. Go science!

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

A Brain Cell Tally

Have you ever heard or said, "Well, I lost a few brain cells with that one." But how many neurons do most people start with? Until one neuroscientist did the calculations, no one knew. Watch this talk (above) to find out why the human brain is so big compared to the size of our bodies compared to other species (a mouse has 86 billion neurons). 

Suzana Herculano-Houzel, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro tackled the question of: Exactly how many cells are in our brains? Lots more than we should have given our size, but I won't spill the beans early. Check out the video. The answer to how humans can maintain such large brains is simple, yet elegant. Go science!

Sunday, July 27, 2014

3D Printing Now

I'm interested in 3D Printing and like to keep up with the latest developments. See for yourself. 3D printing technology can be used for everything from art and fashion to prosthetics or food

Eager to find out more? I save the latest and most interesting 3D applications and updates on my 3D printing Pinterest board, here

I'm just back from 2 weeks vacation on the Oregon coast. More next time. Go science!

Thursday, July 3, 2014

Even Crawfish Need a Break

Crayfish (aka crawfish, crawdads or mud-bugs) are freshwater crustaceans, closely related to lobsters. And if you live in the South, you have had your share of crayfish boils, since most people don't relate to crayfish except as dinner. 

So it was interesting to read how Daniel Cattaert, of the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Talence, France discovered that nocturnal crayfish have high levels of the neurotransmitter, serotonin. 

Cattaert found crayfish responded the same way as humans when given an anti-anxiety drug (which affects serotonin levels) during a dark and light maze test after experiencing stress. 

In essence, the crayfish were all adventurous and curious before the stress but kept to the dark areas after. Following treatment with the anti-anxiety drug, they ventured out into the far parts of the maze again without hesitation. Hmm... I guess the take home message for humans is Keep Calm and Stay the Course.  Go Science!